• Rini Yudiati Universitas Wiraraja Madura
  • Anni Annisa Universitas Wiraraja Madura


Role-Playing, Speaking Ability


English as a foreign language in Indonesia is taught at University as MKU (Mata Kuliah Umum) public course. The implementation of English teaching at present is based on the Content Standard. Its target is to have the students reach an informational level of literacy. The objective of the sudy is intended to describe how the speaking ability of the third semester of teaching and science education department be improved through role-playing technique. The design of this study was classroom action research and used 2 cycles. This design will be chosen since this study dealt with the classroom setting and the study was directed to implement the teaching technique in that specific class in order to find out solutions to the classroom problems in the teaching of speaking. In conducting this research, the researcher worked collaboratively. The result are the researcher implemented 7 (seven) major steps in the procedure for the role play activities. First, the teacher decides on the teaching materials. The second step is organizing the group of the students. The third step is providing the situation and dialogue to be role played. The forth step applied by the researcher in implementing role-playing technique is explaining the situation in the cue card as well as the dialogue. The fifth step is having the students practice the role plays. The sixth step is having students modify the situation and dialogue. The last step is having the students perform the dialogue in front of the class.


Alwasilah, A. C. 2006. Pokoknya Sunda: Interpretasi untuk Aksi. Bandung: PT Kiblat Buku Utama.

Brown, H.D. 2001. Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy (2nded.). New York: Addison Wesley Longman, Inc.

Brown, H. Douglas. 2001. Language Assessment Principle and Classroom Practice. New York: Longman.

Burns, A. & Joyce, H. 1997. Focus on Speaking. Sydney: Macquire University Press.

Collins Cobuild English Language Dictionary, 1994:1526

Depdiknas, 2006. Standar Isi untuk Satuan Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah: Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional No. 22 tahun 2006. Jakarta: Direktorat Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah.

Gebhard, J. G. 2000. Teaching English as a Foreign or Second Language: A Teacher Self-Development and Methodology Guide. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.

Huang, I. Y. 2008. Role Play for ESL/EFL Children in the English Classroom. Retrieved September 26th, 2008 from: The Internet TESL Journal, Vol. XIV, No. 2, February 2014 (

Kemmis, S. & McTaggart, R. 1988. The Action Research Planner. Victoria: Deaken University Press.

Lado, R. 1964. Language Teaching: A scientific Approach. New York. McGraw-Hill, inch.

Nunan, David. 1991. Research Methods in Language Learning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Nunan, D. 1992. Designing Task for the Communicative Classroom. Sidney: Cambridge University Press.

O’Malley, J.M., & Pierce, L.V. 1996. Authentic Assessment for English Language Learner: Practical Approach for Teacher. Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley

. Petty, Geoff. (2004). Teaching Today, third edition. United Kingdom: Nelson

Thornes. Ltd.

Tarigan, H. Guntur. 1990. Prinsip-prinsip Dasar Metode Riset Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran Bahasa. Bandung: Angkasa.

Richards, Jack C., and Willy A. Renandya. 2002. Methodology in Language

Teaching. An Anthology of Current Practice. Cambridge: CUP

Richard-Amato, P. A. 2003. Making It Happen: from Interactive to Participatory Language Teaching: Theory and Practice, 2nd ed. New York: Longman.

Valette, R.M. & Disick, R.S. 1972. Modern Language Performance Objectives and Individualization. New York: Harcourt Brace Javanovich, Inc.

Wallace, D’Arcy-Adrian. 1978. Junior Comprehension 1. England: Longman.

Wilson, S. 1983. Living English Structure. London: Longman.

Wiriaatmaja, Rochiati. (2007). Metode Penelitian Tindakan Kelas untuk

Meningkatkan Kinerja Guru dan Dosen. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.