Author guidlines

  1. JOEL (Journal of Educational and Language Research) is a journal published by Bajang Institute. The journal contains the results of researches in English language teaching and those related to theory and practice in teaching English. 

    The manuscript well-typed in double column on A4 size paper, use 12 pt of Times New Roman. The manuscript contains an original work and has potentially contributed to the highly scientific advancement.

    The manuscript should contain the following section in order:

    1. TITLE. The title of paper is max 15 words, without Acronym or abbreviation. The title must be written briefly and clearly, and must show precisely the problem to be raised, not to provide a variety of interpretive opportunities, not to contain abbreviations that are not commonly used, not too long (no more than 15 words), Times New Roman, font size 14 pt.

    2. THE AUTHOR NAME. Full name without academic degrees and titles, the author name should be accompanied by complete affiliation address and corresponding email.

    3. ABSTRACT. The Abstract is written in one paragraph containing 150 - 250 WORDS; No citation; State in the abstract a general statement about the impotence of the topic, gap in literature or discrepancies between theories and practices, purpose of the study, method, main findings, and conclusions. Abstracts for each language can only be written in one paragraph in a single column format. Keywords: Written in English 2-5 words or groups of words, written alphabetically.

    4. INTRODUCTION (12pt, times new roman). The introduction must contain (in sequence) a general background, a state of the art as a basis for statements of scientific novelty from articles, statements of scientific novelty, and research problems or hypotheses. At the end of the introduction, the purpose of the article review must be written. In the format of scientific articles, literature review is not permitted as in the research report, but is manifested in the form of a state of the art study to show the scientific novelty of the article.

    5. RESEARCH METHOD (12pt, Times New Roman). This section contains author(s)’s sufficient detail of the preparation of the current study dealing with data collection and processing. The author(s) should convey a chronological explanation of the study, covering preparation of research materials, design, and research procedures. Furthermore, it is requirred to supply an explanation regarding the method(s) used in the research. This section fills 10-15% of the manuscript.

    Research Design
    This subsection contains author(s)’s statements regarding the design of the research selected from one of three approaches in conducting a research, i.e. qualitative, quantitative, or mixed research. Each approach offers various research designs for various research designs. This subsection should be part of section about method. Hence, it also provides brief description of variables of the study.

    Population and Sample or Subject
    This subsection is used to declare the number of population and sample or the subject(s) selected for a qualitative study. In selecting sample and subject, please declare your technique and/or your parameter. Furthermore, in a study using study groups, write in brief about how groups are allocated.

    Instruments
    This subsecion describe shortly about equipment, instruments or measurement tools including model number and manufacturer being used.

    Data Analysis
    In data analysis subsection, the author(s) is required to process data from previous stage. Different method used may result on different model of data processing. For a quantitative study, author(s) should show how s/he calculated derived variables (to deal with outlying values and missing data). Hence, s/he has to summarize the data. Analysis using software should be completed with details (name and version of the software). For statistical tests, please mention reference for less commonly used tests and what was compared. It is also suggested to give critical alpha probability (p) value at which differences or relationships were considered to be statistically significant.

    6. Research findings and Discussion (12pt, Times New Roman). This subsection contains author(s)’s statements regarding the design of the research selected from one of three approaches in conducting a research, i.e. qualitative, quantitative, or mixed research. Each approach offers various research designs for various research designs. For example, in quantitative study, there are pre-experimental, true-experimental, and quasi-experimental research designs. Meanwhile, qualitative and mixed methods offer other designs. This subsection should be part of section about method. Hence, it also provides brief description of variables of the study.

    7. Conclusion and suggestion (12pt, Times New Roman). The conclusion describes the answer to the hypothesis and / or the purpose of the research or scientific findings obtained. Conclusions do not contain repetitions of the results and discussion, but rather summarize the findings as expected in the objectives or hypotheses. In this section, the author(s) should give his/her comprise statement regarding the major findings and implications of the study, but not the whole study. It is not suggested to bring any new information in the conclusion.

    8. Acknowledgment (optional) (12pt, Times New Roman). This section can be written in case there are certain parties need to be acknowledged, such as research sponsors. The acknowledgement must be written in brief and clear. In addition, avoid the hyperbole acknowledgment

    9. References (12pt, Times New Roman). The references are written in APA style. All references referred to in the text of the article must be registered in the References section. The bibliography must contain reference libraries originating from primary sources (scientific journals and amounting to a minimum of 80% of the total bibliography) published in the last 10 (ten) years. Each article contains at least 10 (ten) references. Writing a referral system in an article text and writing a bibliography should use a reference management application program, for example: Mendeley, EndNote, or Zotero, or others. 

    Guide to Writing References

    Writing references should use reference management applications such as Mendeley, End Note, Zotero, or others. The format of writing used in the Jo-ELT (Journal of English Language Teaching) Fakultas Pendidikan Bahasa dan Seni Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris IKIP is in accordance with the format of the APA (American Psychological Association).

    a.  Journal articles: 

    Bekker, J. G., Craig, I. K., & Pistorius, P. C. (1999). Modeling and Simulation of Arc Furnace Process. ISIJ International, 39(1), 23–32.

    b.  Book:

    Fridman, A. (2008). Plasma Chemistry. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

    c.  Articles in proceedings:

    Roeva, O. (2012). Real-World Applications of Genetic Algorithm. In International Conference on Chemical and Material Engineering (pp. 25–30). Semarang, Indonesia: Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University.

    d.  Thesis and dissertation, research reports: 

    Istadi, I. (2006). Development of A Hybrid Artificial Neural Network – Genetic Algorithm for Modelling and Optimization of Dielectric-Barrier Discharge Plasma Reactor. PhD Thesis. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

    e.  Chapter in edited book: 

    Hovmand, S. (1995). Fluidized Bed Drying. In Mujumdar, A.S. (Ed.) Handbook of Industrial Drying (pp.195-248). 2nd Ed. New York: Marcel Dekker.

    f.   Website

    United Arab Emirates architecture. (n.d.). Retrieved June 17, 2010, from UAE Interact website: http://www. uaeinteract.com/

    g.  Articles from the websites:

    Benton Foundation. (1998, July 7). Barriers to closing the gap. In Losing ground bit by bit: Low-income communities in the information age (chap. 2). Retrieved from http://www.benton.org/library?low-Income/two.html